On Wednesday, Mexico’s Supreme Court established a legal precedent for the adult-use of marijuana, as they officially declared cannabis prohibition a violation of Mexicans’ constitutional rights. The decisions send a clear message to the country’s Congress to create legislation for adult-use. Despite the news, Mexicans celebrated cautiously; unsure of how and when the legal victory will guarantee their rights to cultivate, sell, and consume.
The path to legalization in Mexico has been a rollercoaster. These rulings, however, constitute a high point for Mexican cannabis activists. It’s been three years since eight-year-old epilepsy patient Graciela Elizalde won the right to use marijuana to treat her condition, after her attorney successfully argued for an amparo, or federal injunction. In Mexico, though, five successful amparos are required to change the law. (In America, that means five similar Roe versus Wade cases would be necessary to grant citizens the right to legal abortion.)
To achieve this, pro-cannabis citizens embarked on a drawn-out bureaucratic mission, ultimately leading to two more amparos. And finally, on Oct. 31, Supreme Court judges ruled in favor of two more amparos. Like the previous cases, it was ruled that cannabis prohibition stands in the way of the right all Mexicans have